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Should Ben Hogan get credit for a 5th U.S. Open?

During his career as golfs great shotmaker, Ben Hogan collected four gold medals for winning the U.S. Open four times.

But Hogan owned a fifth medal, identical to the others in every way but one. On the back of the medal was an inscription for his victory in the Hale America National Open Golf Championship.

The story of Hogan and the 1942 Hale America tournament is a tale of sports on the home front, individual accomplishment and a can-do spirit among organizers who somehow pulled off the event.

Seventy-five years later, golfs greatest players will gather this week at Erin Hills Golf Course for the 117th U.S. Open.

Theyll be competing for a purse and blasting shots over a course that would have been unimaginable to those pros who assembled in 1942 at Chicagos Ridgemoor Country Club.

If not for Hogans victory, the Hale America would be a little-remembered tournament, played just once during World War II.

World War II put U.S. Open on hold

But over the years, there has been the inevitable question among golf historians: Should the Hale count as Hogans fifth Open? Its an intriguing question since only four men have won four U.S. Opens: Hogan, Jack Nicklaus, Bobby Jones and Willie Anderson.

With the United States Golf Association postponing its championships for the duration of World War II, the Hale was about as close to an Open as the country would have until the conflict was over. The U.S. Open resumed in 1946.

A lot of debate in the golf world has gone on for decades as to whether his win in that golf tournament is a fifth U.S. Open, said Adam Barr, director of the USGA Museum in New Jersey.

The USGA has never said that this constitutes a fifth U.S. Open. There were some essential differences between a U.S. Open and the Hale tournament.

The tournament was part of a larger national program to promote physical fitness. The Hale America program, taken from the phrase hale and hearty, was overseen by famed Olympic rower John B. Kelly Sr., of Philadelphia, the father of actress Grace Kelly.

The tournament was promoted to raise funds for the United Service Organization and the Navy Relief Society. Initially, there were so few entries that the event was nearly called off by tournament co-sponsors, the USGA, Chicago District Golf Association and the PGA of America.

Organizers asked Bing Crosby and Bob Hope to play to ignite interest. But there was a big change when two men entered: Hogan, then the head pro at Hershey Country Club in Pennsylvania, and the legendary Jones.

After winning the Grand Slam in 1930, Jones retired from tournament golf, other than making an annual appearance in the tournament he helped create, the Masters.

Just like the U.S. Open

In all, 1,528 golfers entered and there was district and sectional qualifying, just like for a U.S. Open.

The field included most of the eras top golfers, including 1941 U.S. Open champion Craig Wood, Byron Nelson, Gene Sarazen and Jimmy Demaret.

Even though the field was deep, the course wasnt up to the taxing standards of an Open. The tournament was 72 holes, without a cut for the field of 107 players.

In 428 rounds over four days there were 50 rounds with scores in the 60s which was more than in the prior eight U.S. Opens combined, Barr said. What you had here was a golf course that wasnt typical for the U.S. Open challenge and wasnt intended to be.

Hogan rallies with 62

Hogan shot 72 in the first round and was so disappointed he put in two hours on the practice tee before the second round when he scorched the course, shooting a 62. It was the nearest thing to a perfect round, said Hogans playing partner, Tommy Armour.

Billy Sixty, a Milwaukee Journal sportswriter, said of Hogans second round: He did it so simply, so workmanlike, so seemingly unconcerned by his great shooting, that few of us realized what had happened until his putt for a 61 lipped the cup on the eighteenth green.

A roar went up when the announcer reported that the 62 broke the Ridgemoor record by three shots and was the lowest major tournament count ever posted.

Hogans 62 put him 3 shots behind tournament leader Mike Turnesa. At the end of the third round, Hogan had a share of the lead. On the final day, to boost the gate, Hogan was paired with Jones, who was far from contention.

An estimated 12,000 people trouped out to see the final round. Hogan won by 3 strokes over Demaret and received $1,000 in war bonds plus that gold medal. The medal was intended for the winner of the 1942 Open, which, of course, wasnt played.

135 pounds of whipcord

The Associated Press reported that Hogan, who was described as 135 pounds of whipcord, had finally won that major golf championship that eluded him.

However, the AP acknowledged that Hogans name would not appear in golfs record book as a winner of the national open title. Because of the war, there will be no open tournament this year.

The AP said Hogan was in no mood for sympathy.

What difference does it make? he told the press. If this wasnt an open championship, I dont know what could be. Everybody was in it. Im glad to win, whatever they call it.

Hogan biographer James Dodson said the golfer considered the Hale victory as a fifth Open title.

I think its one of those things that will always get debated by historians since none of us were there, said Dodson, author of Ben Hogan: An American Life. I think it has to be memorialized as the launch pad for Ben Hogan.

In his mind it was his first real national moment and thats why he clung to the description of it being a fifth Open years after he left the game, Dodson said. This was a man who was motivated by failure so the failure to have the USGA acknowledge it was a major championship was probably just one more source of motivation for him.

Like so many others, Hogan joined military

Hogan and other golfers would soon enter the military. It was after the war when Hogan achieved golfing greatness and also overcame adversity with his remarkable comeback from a devastating auto accident.

Perhaps the best way to recall the tournament is to consider what was accomplished. Despite wartime rationing, the tournament was held and $25,000 was raised, including $1,650 for an auction of Hogans putter and golf ball.

There was a postscript.

A few days after the event concluded, The New York Times published a letter to the sports editor from W.T. Young of New York. The writer criticized the Ridgemoor course for not being a worthy site for a championship event and said: Par took such a beating in the first couple of rounds at Chicago that even the contestants themselves no longer took it seriously.

The only good consequence I can see that may have come of the Hale America Open at Ridgemoor is that there may be a rush for applications for membership by duffers grasping at an opportunity to get their scores under 100, Young wrote.

The New York Times responded with an editorial that supported the spirit of the era but also stated that the Hale America wasnt a U.S. Open.

The Times wrote: The Hale America tournament was an improvised event, carrying no official championship designation. The Ridgemoor Country Club officials should be thanked for bearing the burden of conducting a golf tournament under war conditions rather than badgered because their course was not difficult enough to test the real skill of the expert contestants.

Related2017 US Open preview-10 players to watch-2017 U.S. Open preview: Top 10 players to watch at Erin Hills RelatedFantasy golf expert picks: 2017 U.S. Open at Erin Hills

Explaining Context

When people ask why does it hurt? Ill get around to stating that also, context of [your pain] is a factor in how it feels.

Now this may make sense to you, the PTBT audience, but this is often not an idea that people have thought of. Most people only remember a politician saying his/her words were taken out of context so it may be important to explain context.

Here are two quick context stories I tell. Please use them, please make them your own


1.) Context example So now lets say you are walking in a spooky forest, its dark out, youre by yourself, a bit creeped out and you feel this on your shoulder (lightly tickle the skin), what would your reaction be? Often a patient will exaggerate looking back quickly or state I would jump, think it was a spider or something, etc.

Perfect. Now, pretend you are just getting in bed, warm covers on a cold night, and your lover reaches over and you feel this on your shoulder (lightly tickle the skin), what would your reaction be? Now most patients get it, some answer this question and it can be worth a chuckle, but the point is, (in my experience) an example along these lines seems to drive home the idea that Context has a role in how we feel our bodies.

I typically finish with a statement: Notice, the exact same thing happened at the skin, the skin knows no difference between those two things, and yet, can you see how context can change what you feel or how you react to a sensation?

AS0000114FD07 Children, in park and adventure playground

2.) A second context example. (*bonus: involves sleep deprivation topic as well!)

Youve seen a little kid or baby playing with his friends in the sandbox, right. He bumps his knee. keeps on playing, having fun, its all good.

Now, imagine that kiddo has not had a nap and is hungry, and bumps his knee. What happens then? Most patients will know this answer. Yep, the kid breaks down, cries, throws a fit, etc. The knee actually hurt and well hear about it!

So was it about the knee-bump? The same thing happened to the knee both times, but in one case the kiddo didnt have the capacity to handle it, was not distracted, was easily set off because of the context of his mental state. So its not all about the knee. And since we are are just big babies (Ill say, pointing to myself) we behave under similar rules.

The second one can really drive home the impact of sleep deprivation on pain tolerance and capacity to function while in pain. Its my go-to for analogy on that topic.

Now, I may tweak these stories, and you should tweak yours too. Some patients can handle more or less technical terms, more or less elaboration, longer or shorter stories, smaller or bigger build-ups to the punch-line, etc. Stories like these, to explain context, often help shape the conversation, and help open up the idea that its not all about the tissues. Its not going straight for pain is an output of the brain but more like massaging the idea that things can feel different at different times for different reasons. So lets start there, with context.

Matt D

*image credit: forest, sandbox 

Ride Like an Austen Heroine: Sidesaddle

Dear Gentle Readers: I welcome today a member of our South Carolina Jane Austen Book Club, Carol Lobdell, who, besides being a lover of Jane Austen, is also an accomplished horsewoman. She recently tried riding sidesaddle for the first time and writes here about how it gave her a better understanding of each of Jane Austens horse-riding heroines think Jane Bennet (in the rain), Fanny Price, Mary Crawford, Elinor Dashwood (alas! only in the movie)and anyone else??

Ride Like an Austen Heroine: Sidesaddle

Elizabeth Bennett and most of Jane Austen’s heroines show no hesitation to stride miles about the countryside in order to visit friends and family. They also travel on horseback, in many ways the most practical and efficient means to get around the neighborhood at the time.

And if they rode, they did it in a sidesaddle.

Movies and programs like “Downton Abbey” make riding in a sidesaddle look effortless. The image of a woman trotting and cantering on a horse through the English countryside – garbed in elaborately embellished jackets, flowing skirts, and flattering feathered hats – is graceful, romantic, and powerful.

But, folks, it ain’t easy! Ginger Rogers, as the old saying goes, did everything Fred Astaire did, except in high heels and backwards. So too, lady riders for centuries did everything the men did, except with one stirrup!

Image: pinterest

Brief History of the Sidesaddle

Women in antiquity usually weren’t riding horses unless they were passengers, perhaps on a pillion (pillow or platform) behind a male rider (who rode astride) or in a horse-drawn cart. Part of the reason was culture – the males did most of the hunting and fighting, and they did quite a bit of that on horseback – and part was practicality – women wore long skirts that were not conducive to riding astride and risked immodesty. Riding astride was also seen as a risk to virginity and childbearing.

However, as the centuries went on and the titled elite and leisure classes grew, many women wanted to ride for sporting and social reasons.

Tradition has it that that Princess Anne of Bohemia rode side-saddle across Europe in 1382 on her way to marry King Richard II. Riding sidesaddle was seen as a way to protect virginity.

Sources say that the earliest functional sidesaddle was a chair-like construction, where the woman sat sideways on the horse with her feet on a footrest. Catherine de Medici is said to have developed a more practical design, placing the rider’s right leg around a pommel (a raised, curved projection or “horn”) at the front of the saddle. Riding this way allowed better control of the horse and enhanced stability, enabling the rider to move beyond the walk, to trot and canter safely. Some early sidesaddles had a U-shaped pommel for the right leg.

A second pommel for the left leg, added in the early 1800s, made “riding aside” even more safe, enabling the rider to gallop and jump, while maintaining modesty and decorum (and virginity). Upper-class ladies rode for pleasure and many “rode to hounds” with their local fox hunts, galloping through the English countryside over ditches, hedges, and fences. (As a rider myself, having fox-hunted in England, I can tell you it’s a challenge even in modern saddles!)

Riding attire evolved along with innovations in the tack. After struggling with daywear for riding, less voluminous “safety skirts” were developed in the late 1800s, evolving into an “apron skirt” which buttoned around the waist, covering the legs. Women donned riding britches under these aprons and that’s still the basic structure of formal sidesaddle attire today.

Diagram showing the position of the legs when riding sidesaddle[image source Wikipedia]

Modern Sidesaddles

The saddle and posture of a woman riding sidesaddle back in the day was very much as it is today. The rider first sits astride, with the right hip back to allow the shoulders to fall into line. The right leg is then placed on the front of the saddle (around the upper pommel), with the left leg bent and resting on the saddle (with the thigh under the lower pommel) and the foot in the stirrup.

Below: The right side of a modern sidesaddle. The girth is a standard type that could be used on most saddles. The extra stability strap affixed to the rear of the saddle is unique to a sidesaddle.

Below: The left side of a modern sidesaddle. You can clearly see the two “pommels” for the rider and the single stirrup (looped over the lower pommel).

Women began to ride astride – wearing split skirts or riding britches – in the early 20th Century. Sidesaddle fell out of favor for many years; however, traditionalists and riders looking for variety kept the sidesaddle alive. Today, groups across the country and around the world continue to “ride aside” for fun as well as for sport and competition.

What’s it like to ride like an Austen heroine? I’ve always ridden astride in English saddles, so the basic feel of the saddle was not very different, although it’s a flat saddle seat, not curved like many English saddles. English riding also calls for a straight posture, which is even more important in a sidesaddle to maintain balance. I found the basic posture to be comfortable, much like sitting in a chair with one knee crossed over the other.

Above: The author in a modern sidesaddle, about to take her first trot “aside.”

The biggest difference is that one doesn’t “post” in a sidesaddle (the up-and-down motion riders generally use at the trot) or rise into a half-seat for a jump. No matter what gait the horse is doing – walk, trot, canter or jumping – the sidesaddle rider stays glued to the seat of the saddle. For jumping, the rider bends forward at the hip to follow the motion of the horse, instead of rising into a half-seat as the horse jumps.

The first few minutes in the sidesaddle felt very unbalanced, though, as I’m used both legs hugging the horse and a firm seat on the horse’s back. With only one stirrup, I was very wary about stability and steering. However, I was able to walk in both directions in the sidesaddle pretty quickly, once I got the hang of the balance and kept my weight over on the right hipbone. Trotting took a bit more practice, with the key, again, keeping the balance to the right hipbone, an upright posture and firm seat on the saddle. It did feel odd not to have the right foot in a stirrup. The left foot (in the stirrup) was useful for steering, as always. Without the right stirrup, it was a little more difficult to steer, but happily, I was on an experienced sidesaddle horse for the lesson (Lulu, a lovely mare), so she was able to interpret my body language and instructions pretty well. A sidesaddle rider also uses a crop or whip in the right hand to help make up for the missing right stirrup. The riding was really quite comfortable, I thought. (Next time I give it a try, maybe a short canter!)

There are a number of sidesaddle groups around the USA and the UK. In the US, women don safety aprons and fox hunt as well as compete. Sidesaddle jumping is a standalone sport; only the brave need apply! The current world record for sidesaddle jumping has stood since 1915, when Esther Stace, of Australia, cleared a record 6’6” at the Sydney Royal Show.

In Mexican-style rodeos, the women in California’s Escaramuza Charra drill teams perform complicated patterns at high speed in sidesaddles. They ride aside, or “to mujeriegas,” in a saddle known as an albarda, in quick, complex maneuvers often performed on horses with reining training. Traditional costumes with layers of petticoats under decorated skirts or breeches and jackets are the usual garb. [image from]

I enjoyed my sidesaddle lesson and plan to take a few more. Whether I invest in a saddle and attire remains to be seen, but it’s always fun to try something new in a sport that I love, with the extra fun of riding like an Austen heroine!

For Further Reading:

For more details on horses and riding in Austen’s novels, see this wonderful article: “A Woman Never Looks Better than on Horseback.” Ottman, Jill. (The Jane Austen Society of North America) Winter 2015. . Regency Side-Saddle A Ladys Death-Trap? number of excellent sidesaddle pictures at Pinterest: a youtube demonstration:


Thank you Carol! Anyone out there want to share their own sidesaddle experiences? (and one question: is it side saddle, side-saddle or sidesaddle??)

c2017, Jane Austen in Vermont. Text and photographs (unless otherwise noted) by Carol Lobdell

Review: Synology DS216+ First Look

Screen shot 2016-02-11 at 5.56.35 PMA few weeks ago Synology sent me a DS216+ to review. Unfortunately, I havent had a lot of time to give it the thorough examination as I had wished, but I did manage to do a couple of quick tests in a temporary (that is, dont try this at home or for a long-term solution) configuration.

Overall I found the installation process to be even more simplified than before, and the performance to be quite impressive.

Left -45

Synology DS216+

The Synology DS216+

The DS216+ is a high-performance 2-bay NAS server aimed towards home- and small-office users, but the real kicker is the on-the-fly video transcoding.

For the storage geeks out there, Synology uses the Btrfs file system internally, which provides a number of data protection features:

point-in-time snapshot and restoredata integrity checksmetadata mirroringquota control for shared folders

You can still use ext4, ext3, FAT, NTFS, or HFS+ as well for external file system compatibility.

Additional features include some pretty decent hardware (AES-NI) encryption performance (Synology claims 113MB/s reading, 109MB/s writing), and a few ease-of-use nice-to-haves such as tool-less hot-swappable drive trays (these are very nice, btw), and brightness-adjustable front LEDs that you can actually schedule.

A full list of the specifications are, of course, listed on the website.


Ive installed a few DSM versions, but with this model Synology has simplified it even further. Turning the machine on effectively started the DSM installation process, as the box searched for the latest update and began installing it without any user intervention.

Screen shot 2016-02-11 at 5.53.07 PM

Idiot-proof installation (perfect for me!)

Once the software was installed and the machine re-booted, DSM offered me a recommended installation screen. This surprised me, but it wasnt unwelcome.

Screen shot 2016-02-11 at 6.01.30 PM

Its almost as if it was meant to be a media server

Even though Synology is bending over backwards to show that there are work-related capabilities of this device, the DS216+ is really a media server at its heart. For grins and giggles, I selected all of the packages, and let it go. Normally I wouldnt do this, but I wanted to see just what the little box could do.

I also installed Plex on the Diskstation, since thats the media software that I have been using primarily for most of my home content.

Screen shot 2016-03-24 at 11.14.10 AM

Installed packages

Quick and Dirty Test

For my test, I chose a home video I created of my friends wedding. The file was 3.7 GB, running at 1080p High-Definition quality.

What I was looking for was the typical stuttering and jitter that comes from trying to encode/decode files while simultaneously trying to stream at a good quality. Using the web application for Video Station and Plex, I noticed that there were considerable differences in load times between the two apps (Video Station was nearly instantaneous, but the Plex window always needed at least one reload).

This is not the place to go into a side-by-side comparison of Video Station and Plex (both have significant differences and are worthy of their own post), but rather to see what kind of experience one could expect using either UI to watch content.

The DS216+, at first glance, appears to put up some rather pedestrian numbers. Black Magic Designs Disk Speed Test posts decent, if somewhat pedestrian, numbers:

DiskSpeedTest - DS216

Synology DS216+

These numbers are pretty consistent with what Synology posts in their performance specs, but its also worth noting that this is only a single disk setup, and so you should take these numbers with a grain of salt the size as a salt lick.

In case youre freaking out because the disk test recommends not using the device for high-definition video, dont. The real magic happens in terms of the encoding built into the hardware, and thats not something measured in the Black Magic test. The real measurement is whether or not the DS216+ can encode and push out a 3.7GB file over a wireless connection to my home theatre system.


The bottom line is that the DS216+ performed like a dream. The same wedding video file that choked both the DS1511+ and the DS1813+ (the latter performs much better than the former, of course, but still hung up on buffering about 20 minutes into the video) ran flawlessly in both Video Station and Plex software interfaces. There wasnt one bit of jitter or buffering, but this was a quick-and-dirty test and I didnt wade through the entire 1 hour video to double-check.

When I go through with some more thorough testing (and tune the box for video and audio streaming delivery) Ill come back with more accurate numbers. For now, though, I was impressed with just how easy it was to set up and configure for mere mortal users, and how reliable the content delivery was (the software UI, however, needs some work, but as I said thats best left for another time).

Availability and Impressions

The Synology DS216+ is available on Amazon for $299.99 and the drive(s) that I use in the Synology are the Enterprise-Class HDDs. Currently the DS216+ has a single 3TB capacity drive, but Im going to up the dosage to 4TB as its going to be a pure media server including audio and photos. This is especially true as the 4TB is actually $3 cheaper than the 3TB (as of this writing)!

Overall, for someone looking to for a simple media server in the home, Synology makes a great, affordable box that not only has very quick and easy installation and configuration, but has all the expandability of its big-brother boxes. Again, my initial first-look tests were not very demanding and were only to see if the stutter and jitter problems with large media files were rectified by the addition of hardware transcoding, and in my lightweight tests the Synology DS216+ passed with flying colors.


Take a photo from my good side, please


As noted above, Synology shipped this model to me for review with no expected remuneration or guarantee of a blog review. I purchased the disks myself, and there was absolutely no editorial contribution from Synology whatsoever.

Tagged: Reviews, Synology

Utility Players Are Good Fantasy Baseball Roster Additions For Flexibility

By Sam McPherson

Its always frustrating in fantasy baseball when your star hitter(s) take a day off, and as the hotter months approach, this can happen more regularly to any owners roster. However, if you have a few players with multi-position eligibility, then it doesnt hurt so bad in the standings by the time October rolls around in your league.

The utility players have become more necessary in recent years for real Major League teams, too, as a guy like Ben Zobrist has shown by winning back-to-back World Series championships with the Kansas City Royals and the Chicago Cubs, respectively. MLB managers like these guys, and so should fantasy baseball managers as well.

Players to Get Onto Your Roster Now

1. Chris Taylor, UTL, Los Angeles Dodgers: Taylors primary position is third base, but he should be eligible at second base and outfield by now in most leagues as well. Throw in a .302 batting average, seven home runs, 24 RBI and four stolen bases, and its easy to see why Taylor will keep getting starts in L.A. for a playoff-contending team.

2. Jeff Hoffman, SP, Colorado Rockies: The Mile High team is for real this season, and Hoffman is one reason why. After getting roughed up a bit last year in his first MLB action, he is cruising now to the tune of a 4-0 record, a 2.33 ERA and a stunning 34:3 strikeout-to-walk ratio. In just 27 innings, hes shown amazing control, so pick him up if you can.

3. Ryon Healy, 1B/3B, Oakland Athletics: He now has over 500 at-bats in MLB dating back to last season, and Healy has acquitted himself well so far with 27 HRs, 74 RBI and a .294 average. Hes in the majors to stay, and he also has multi-position eligibility, which comes in handy as noted above.

4. Jimmy Nelson, SP, Milwaukee Brewers: With 16 losses last year, he led the National League in that category. But Nelson, like his whole team, has turned it around in 2017. He does give up too many hits still, although Nelson counters that with a 9.2 strikeouts-per-nine-innings rate currently. His 3.45 ERA and 1.265 WHIP are career-best marks right now.

Players to Sit/Drop This Week

1. Ben Zobrist, UTL, Chicago Cubs: We suggest benching him for now, because Zobrist has extreme value due to his flexible role. However, at age 36 now, the three-time All-Star selection may be slowing down. Hes hitting just .222 this year, and no owner can afford that in his lineup without a lot of HRs or SBs. Zobrist has neither of those. Trade him if you can.

2. Tony Watson, RP, Pittsburgh Pirates: He did well enough last year in the closer role after his team traded away Mark Melancon to earn the nod to start 2017, but Watson now has lost the closer job due to a big increase in hits allowed (10.5 per 9 IP) and a decrease in strikeout rate (just 6.6 per 9 IP). He wont be getting the job back, so you might as well release him.

3. Addison Russell, SS, Chicago Cubs: Maybe Oaklands Billy Beane knew what he was doing back in 2014 when he traded this highly touted prospect. Russell is still just 23 years old, but hes struggling after an All-Star season last year where he hit only .238 anyway. With a .207 average this year, his numbers are down all across the board. Bench him or trade him.

4. Matt Moore, SP, San Francisco Giants: He is the fourth Giants SP weve put in this category already this year, but thats what happens when the teams rotation is just 16-31 so far this season. Moore was a sleeper pick in a lot of drafts coming off one great postseason start in 2016, but his 5.28 ERA and 1.507 WHIP this year show he has a long way to go still in recovery. Let someone else take the risk.

Holmberg, Abreu Leads White Sox Past Indians 5-3

CLEVELAND (AP) — David Holmberg allowed two runs in five innings for his first win in two years, Jose Abreu had an RBI single in a three-run first and the Chicago White Sox defeated the Cleveland Indians 5-3 on Saturday night.

Holmberg (1-0) recorded his first victory since July 30, 2015 when he pitched for Cincinnati against Pittsburgh. The left-hander was making his third start and 11th appearance of the season.

Abreu, who was forced to leave Fridays game after being hit on the left knee by a pitch from Andrew Miller, was 3 for 5.

Chicago won despite having six runners thrown out on the bases. The White Sox had two runners thrown out in the first and one in the second, third, fifth and eighth innings. Melky Cabrera was thrown out at home in the first and again in the second.

Josh Tomlin (3-8) allowed four runs — three earned — and nine hits in 2 2/3 innings as the Indians lost for the fifth time in seven games.

Edwin Encarnacion homered for the second straight day, a two-run shot in the fourth. Carlos Santana added a solo homer in the sixth. Encarnacion narrowly missed a game-tying home run later in the inning when his high drive to left hit off the wall for a double.

David Robertson — Chicagos fifth pitcher — recorded the final six outs for his 10th save.

Holmberg held Cleveland to three hits and struck out four. The left-hander began the season at Triple-A Charlotte and was called up on May 4.

Abreus RBI single gave Chicago the lead and Matt Davidsons bases-loaded single scored two runs.

Michael Brantley dropped Leury Garcias fly ball for a three-base error in the second. Cabrera, who had three hits, singled with two outs for a 4-0 lead.


White Sox: LHP Carlos Rodon (biceps bursitis) will make his second rehab start for Triple-A Charlotte on Sunday. He has been on the DL since April 2.

Indians: RHP Danny Salazar (sore shoulder) has been ruled out of starting in the June 17 doubleheader against Minnesota. Salazar was placed on the DL this week and experienced stiffness in a throwing session Thursday.


White Sox: LHP Jose Quintana seeks his first victory since May 2 at Kansas City. He has made six starts since beating the Royals, going 0-3 with a 6.68 ERA.

Indians: RHP Carlos Carrasco, pitching on seven days rest, faces the White Sox for the third time this season. He has a win and a no-decision and has allowed one run in 15 innings.

(© Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.)

The “Rich Kid” Backpacker

There will come a time on your journey when you will inevitably encounter the rich kid backpacker. They stand out from all the rest with their frivolous nonchalant plans, and their primarily objective is either getting laid or attending every major festival or circuit partyfrom Abu Dhabi to Zimbabwe. Theirs goals and intentions are much different then the average backpacker often leaving out cultural immersion and experiences and replacing it with passport stamps and broads. They seem to blend in at first backpack and all, but just from speaking you can tell that them and their itineraries are different.I write this blog-post with intention because I think it is important to know the types of people you will come across on your journey. While some like myself are looking for the full cultural immersion and would do just about anything like eating a quail fetus (I do not condone this practice however I was forced into it in Vietnam), to taking boats and buses across islands, while some others are looking to slowly introduce themselves into a new culture, and some are just here to party. They define countries based on their parties and are on a mission to concur them all. Basically they are on some major circuit party world tour (which there is nothing wrong) and want to live it up.But then there comes the rich kid backpacker. Who claims that they are backpacking through Asia or Europe or Australia or the sorts, when in reality they may have their over-sized backpack with them, but also their personal travel agent sitting with a MacBook every step of the way to finalize itineraries, book hotel rooms based off of personal experience and reviews, shuttle you from destination to destination, and practically manage your money for you. They are lost without their travel agent, and could not navigate a city by map or train without them. They have traveled to an absurd number of countries around the world but it makes you wonder how many of them they have actually been too. They may been running out pages in their passport much like Drake says, but how many of those stamps truly marked a meaningful experience rather then a lay in some city China or a hook up in Indonesia?They have traveled long and hard and have probably gotten quite good at their game by the time you meet them, but just note they are not like us. Their Instagram may have some of the same photos in the coolest places on earth that we all have as well, but what memory accompanies that photo? I always ask people what is the difference between seeing a photo online of something and actually going somewhere and taking the photo itself? It is the memories, feelings, and emotions that accompanied that photo and will last with you forever. You can close web pages of images out of browser in a second, but you can never really truly delete a memory from your life. And it is when you see your photo of that moment that you take a brief glimpse back in time to that memory and everything that accompanied it; maybe the struggle to find the place, the pouring rain you hiked through to see a temple, the hundreds of steps you had to climb to see a view, or what it felt to sit on an elephant for the first time in your life.Those are the intricacies of traveling that you do not have when you look at a photo. They are unique and special to you, and something that you will grow to cherish for the rest of your life. They are the memories that these rich kid backpackers have not enjoyed like us, and will just come back home and tell their friends that they visited 20-something countries probably forgetting half their names or locations.They can not speak a word in any of the languages of the countries they have been too (I am not saying I can but I at least try to the basics!), they could not tell a local cuisine versus foreigncuisine, and are probably socially apt on cultural etiquette and manners in each country they have visited. And if you ask me and really want to know what I think (I think so as if you are reading my blog) it is alright. This is their itinerary, their vacation, their holiday. They can chose to spend their money as ever they please and want, and this is what theyve came for.My Nonna (grandma = Italian) once told me something at a young age that has stuck with me forever. This a woman that immigrated over to the United States via a slow boat ride from Italy for a better life for her and her family. She told me when you go to buy something always chose the product that is middle-priced. Something that is so cheap, is probably too cheap for a reason and something will go wrong with it or it will break. Something that is too expensive could break and then you can not afford to replace it. Choose something in-between without being too cheap or spending too much.And ifthere is anything I have ever known to be more true in my life, it is these dear words from my Nonna. Im sure she does not remember telling me this, and one day Ill have to read this blog post (I doubt she will understand the word blog or what it is) to her. But anyway to come full circle in all of this, it is through sticking to my nonnas advice that I try and make each and every decision while traveling. By choosing guesthouses versus hostels or hotels, I have truly absorbed an immense amount of culture. By choosing local cuisine and night markets, I have been able to eat my heart out around the world. And by learning a few words in every language of the countries I have been to I have fostered international smiles.I can not speak for those rich kid backpackers, as maybe they paid the girl in their bed to teach them Thai after their session was over, or took a culinary immersion class with some Khmer sous-chef, or attempted to sleep in some Filipino beach bungalow, but I can tell you this which I learned from a boy in Vietnam- I may not have a lot of money, but I have a wealth of experiences.And at the end of the day yes I am sure given the option of being born into a wealth of money versus not we would all chose the former. But life is about making choices and decisions with the cards you are dealt, and it is through the choices and decisions you make that truly define you and your character.Coming live to you from the Ko Pha Ngan Ferry in south Thailand much love as always and, Until next time, XoXo.

Flight Attendant Schedules: A Flight Attendant At A Major Airline ‘Bids’


How a flight attendant chooses his or her schedule can be hard to understand, and that is why Jasmine— my uber rad, ultra cool sufer/kiteboarding sista and a flight attendant at a major— came over to explain the process of bidding at her airline.

There are many misconceptions of ‘Flight Attendant Life,’ one being that all flight attendants get to ‘bid’ and that the ‘bidding’ process is the same. First of all, let’s get some terminology straight; verbiage that cabin crew use on the daily and words that professional gypsies expect the rest of the world to understand like it’s regular. Oh, you silly little gypsies. We are not ‘regular.’

Kara Mulder, FlywithMeghan, The Everyday Jumpseater The Flight Attendant Life

Word Bank—

Bids— the list of potential monthly days off and work days that flight attendants can choose from.Bidding— the act of a flight attendant picking a schedule.Line[s]— When a flight attendant knows when, where, and what days he or she is flying. Usually, if a cabin crew works for an American company (nationality not airline), getting a line means a flight attendant has ‘seniority.’Reserve— What all (basically all) new flight attendants go through.  Reserve means that a flight attendant is on-call on certain days during a month. Reserve is generally NOT flexible, although airlines are starting to understand that cabin crew happiness results in retention and have valiantly worked to make reserve less than hell.Schedule— a flight attendant lives their life in month blocks. Usually, mid-month is when bids are submitting and are awarded within a week or so after. It’s different (but same-same) at most airlines; the exception being that if you work for a European company like I did, you don’t have a choice in schedule (basically at all).Call-out— When crew services calls you off of reserve and sends you, if you are lucky like Jasmine, to Amsterdam.Build-Up— A type of line that crew services creates out of ‘the leftover’ trips in open time.Open time— The terminology varies depending on the company, but trips that need a flight attendant will go into a pool and line holders can pick up the trips to add hours to their schedule or trade. Reserves are put on open time trips if no other flight attendants pick them up.Pick Up— Adding hours or trips. Often done so that flight attendants can drop other trips.Drop— Getting rid of a trip that was on your schedule.

United Airlines Flight Attendant Jasmine

Jasmine is a junior flight attendant at a major airline. What she has working in her favor is that she’s a speaker; meaning that she is a higher priority to get called or be able to hold a French speaking line. Jasmine is based in an armpit, but overall, that girl has had new hire flight attendant life— good. In her first six months with her airline, co-workers began calling her Ms. International because she never worked domestic trips. She laughed to me once that she didn’t know how to fly domestic (Granted; it’s all the same— domestic or international— and not difficult. Sometimes Senior Mamasitas just like to make it difficult. International is just so much better, though).Florence Italy travel blogger

I understand bidding because I had to do it for five years at my first airline. I had seniority and got the worst choice and the best choice. Then, I went to a company that had no choices or no way to create a fair system. New hires, with one month of flying, were holding Christmas and New Years off. Seniority, although not a perfect system, is better than not having it. It just sucks when you are the junior. Simply remember that everyone had to do it at some point.


There is a rhythm in the bidding system. Your roster shows up in your inbox between the 15th-18th of every month. When I was at the international company, I resigned myself to The Scheduling Gods, constantly hoping that I would get tons and tons of days in Copenhagen and constantly be sent home to Los Angeles. When your bids or schedule does work out in your favor, it feels like a miracle. Some months, it feels like hell. Bidding every month is stressful no matter what way you flip it.

Thanks Jazz for helping me with the video and sharing what it’s like to live month-by-month as Ms. International reserve stew. Xoxoxo

kiteboarding girl Jasmine

The Grand Unification Storage Theory


I read with interest an article on The Register about a panel that happened at TECHunplugged (I wish I had known about this; I would have tried to attend in person if possible). The article was entitled One Storage Protocol to Rule Them All by Chris Evans, who is someone I like and respect a great deal in the industry.

The key clickbait for me, however, was the interesting tagline, And why are Fibre Channel fans so, er, stubborn about movements? Being heavily involved in both Fibre Channel and Fibre Channel over Ethernet (as I write this, Im on the Board of Directors for the Fibre Channel Industry Association, though this is just my thoughts, not the FCIAs), I was keen to see just how aligned his thoughts and mine might be.

Overall, I believe Chris article is spot-on when it comes to breaking down the various component parts and why there are different ways of addressing those parts inside a data center.

I do think, however, that the article overreaches a bit about the motivations and reasons why people use Fibre Channel (FC) and Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE). Since that was what drew me to the article in the first place, Ill (mostly) examine that part here.

The Fibre Channel Problem

As I said, the article does a great job of identifying the pieces of the puzzle, and even placing the technologies into appropriate pigeonholes:

At the transport layer, modern systems use either Ethernet, Fibre Channel or FICON. FICON is restricted to the IBM mainframe domain and we can set that aside as part of this discussion. As a dedicated transport, Fibre Channel has significant benefits over Ethernet, such as lossless delivery but was designed to be a local protocol and needs extensions to work over wide area networks.

This is true. Unlike Ethernet, Fibre Channel was specifically designed to be a storage protocol. As recently as ten years ago, Ethernet was by way of comparison extremely slow and expensive to make work for reliable, high-performance storage. FC, on the other hand, was 100% focused on making sure that storage data was given first priority.

(I say first priority because at one point in time FC was so good, and so fast, it was further developed to use it as a platform for sending IP traffic as well, but the idea didnt take hold).

Embedded in the quote above, however, is a slightly misleading implication: that FC didnt have the foresight to be extendible over wide area networks and, as such, is/was a flaw in the design. Perhaps this was not an intent, or perhaps Im just inferring that interpretation, but it does underscore a common misunderstanding of storage networks: typically storage networks are designed to be as close to the host as possible, and so we are extending the attachability for hosts outward, not reverse engineered from massively scaled systems inward.

In any case, its a minor nit and not worth expanding upon, except as a context for evaluating this next statement:

In order to try and rationalise protocols and transports, we could focus on Ethernet. However as already mentioned, there are issues with standard Ethernet and that was meant to be addressed with Data Centre Bridging and FCoE. Unfortunately for the proponents of this technology, traditional Fibre Channel remains remarkably stubborn to shift, which is not surprising for any technology that has such a huge investment in it from end users.

Im going to play Connect the Dots, here, so bear with me a moment.

Fibre Channel was designed to be a storage network. Thats all it really does, and it does it very, very well. Its reputation is well-deserved for reliability, availability, and security. Its an extremely high-performance protocol (and network its got its own stack from the hardware through the software layers) that as of this writing has a rock-solid track record.

two directions

This is because FC is a deterministic network. That is, in a Fibre Channel network we understand the relationships between hosts and servers before they are ever connected. It requires its own way of thinking about storage, data, and networking, and its very different than Ethernets non-deterministic architecture.

Think about it this way: In an Ethernet system we do not plan the nature of the relationship between devices. We create systems at upper layers to do this for us (DHCP and NAT come to mind), so that all we have to do is make a device addressable and available, and then the services do the rest to organize how they connect and maintain connections.

In Fibre Channel, its the opposite each device has an address and must be planned manually to talk to another device (in a process called Zoning). That relationship does not change, and there is no room for arbitrary configurations.

This isnt the place to talk about the specifics of how this stuff works; its sufficient to say that while its not quite as versatile to run arbitrary network topologies, it is extremely reliable and predictable.

Because of this, Fibre Channel is unlike anything wed seen in Ethernet networks up until around 2009/2010. Up until then there really wasnt much of an issue because Fibre Channel speeds were up to 8x that of typical Ethernet networks.

Then it all changed.

The Rise of Ethernet

dwtb-data-centers-2014q1-fig1Even though 10GbE began to emerge in the mid-2000s, it wasnt until 2010 or so that the numbers really started to take off. More advances came astonishingly quickly, and soon 40GbE and 100GbE were becoming more common as backbones inside of data centers.

With these advances in throughput came some obvious questions can we use all this bandwidth for everything, not just Ethernet traffic? Could we possibly place our deterministic storage traffic onto a medium that is, historically, non-deterministic?

If were going to do that, the logic dictates, were going to have to make sure that we can make Ethernet deterministic. So, thats why two Ethernet protocols were developed in the IEEE: Enhanced Transmission Selection and Priority Flow Control (for the geeks out there, its IEEE 801.1Qaz and 801.1Qbb, respectively). In laymans terms, they carve up the bandwidth for different types of traffic (so that one doesnt hog all of the bandwidth and starve the other), and make it possible for traffic to be lossless and deterministic (just like Fibre Channel).

(For the record, both of these protocols are used in non-FC environments too, for instance lossless iSCSI and RoCE.)

Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE), then, is the ability to take Fibre Channel traffic and encapsulate it into an Ethernet packet, and send it in its own lane with its own deterministic properties, and not affect (or be affected by) other Ethernet traffic. Aside from the Ethernet wire itself and the encapsulation, everything about FCoE is exactly the same the architecture, design, protocol, management, etc.

And this is where I must disagree a bit with Chris assessment (but not entirely):

Unfortunately for the proponents of this technology, traditional Fibre Channel remains remarkably stubborn to shift, which is not surprising for any technology that has such a huge investment in it from end users. Of course by that I’m not specifically referring to hardware, but also the knowledge and experience in building storage networks that has to be relearned.

FCoE was, and has always been, intended to be inserted into data center architectures where necessary. Like iSCSI, it is a storage service that is enabled on Ethernet networks, but unlike iSCSI, its possible to be enabled on a link-by-link basis. This is the part that confuses (to this day) a lot of people.

And this is the part where I both agree and disagree with Chris assessment. Many people (Chris included, I think, though I dont mean to put words in his mouth) think that unless there is an all-FCoE storage network, it doesnt count. That is, as Chris points out in the article, the accusation is that the protocol wasnt successful. This, despite the fact that there are millions of FCoE hosts (which is where the greatest cost benefits of FCoE happen to be). Chris, like many others, only think a protocol counts if the storage device happens to be running it a shortsighted view, IMO.

I think, though, that Chris identifies a major obstacle for a lot of people that there is a perception that there must be a different skill set necessary for running FCoE versus FC at the protocol level. Even though this isnt the case, persuading a culture of people who are used to a fixed approach to doing storage is difficult.

The Grand Unification Storage Protocol

At the moment I am observing two specific, but diametrically opposite, trends in storage (at a high level).

On the one hand you have the expansion into massively scalable, object-based systems that are designed to be accessible by any device anywhere in the world. Technology (and physics, not to mention common sense) mandates that this is not going to be the panacea for all storage problems, because it necessitates moving storage devices further away from the hosts that need to access them in order to sustain that scalability.

The second trend is a move towards faster and faster storage. Non-Volatile Memory (NVM) and its corresponding protocol, NVM Express, are making stunning advances in reducing latency. Think your Flash/SSD is fast? You aint seen nothing yet. This necessitates moving the storage closer to the hosts to capitalize on that performance.

It makes very little sense to try to place a large-scale, high-latency object protocol on ever-faster storage devices, ad infinitum. If I have a storage protocol that has a tenth of a second latency, it doesnt matter if I have a device that has a thousandth of a second latency or ten-thousandth of a second latency (so why use the faster, and more expensive, storage?).

As these storage devices continue to get faster, the network becomes a bigger player in performance problems. So, non-deterministic storage networks (like file and object) will become less-and-less viable. Deterministic storage systems, like Fibre Channel, InfiniBand, and RoCE, are going to be more and more relevant in cases like this.

Bottom Line

Personally, I dont like the question of a one storage protocol to rule them all, because it fails to account for the consequences of such a thing. People talk about avoiding lock-in all the time, but for some reason the religious wars over the one true storage protocol seems immune to that thought process.

sakIt seems to me that its a good thing to have many different types of tools in the toolbox. Sure, the Swiss Army Knife is versatile and good to have because its got the ability to be useful in many situations, but not as a major tool for building a house (or rebuilding Jeeps). Sure, its can do a lot of things, but what are the limitations of how well any one of those things are done?

Storage is the same way. I know that there are efforts to make object storage look and act like Block, but to me (and this is my personal, humble opinion) its similar to the Swiss Army Knife example. It is impossible to get NVMe performance (for instance) on a Block-Emulation protocol that is negates any advantage of the advanced media, compared to a native Block storage protocol.

Im a fan of using the right tool for the job, and having the ability to choose different options that suit my needs. I think that while a Single Storage Protocol may seem like a good idea for some people and some uses, it wouldnt address the broad spectrum of problems that storage and storage networks need to resolve.

Tagged: FCoE, Fibre Channel, NVMe, storage, Storage Networking